Houston Maritime Attorney In The Usa
United States attorneys,under the direction and supervision of the Attorney General, represent the federal government in courtrooms across the nation.
There are currently 93 US Attorneys based across the United States, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands. One United States Attorney is assigned to each judicial district, with the exception of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands where a United States attorney serves in both districts.
Each US Attorney is a United States federal law enforcement officer in their respective jurisdiction.
All U.S. Attorneys are required to reside in the district in which they are designated, except in the District of Columbia and the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, they may reside within 20 miles of their district.Founded by the Act of Justice of 1789, United States Attorneys have long been a part of the history of the nation and its legal system.
US Lawyer Salary
US Attorney General’s salaries are currently set by the Attorney General. Depending on their experience, US Attorneys can earn from around $46,000 to about $150,000 per year (as of 2007). Details about current salaries and benefits of US Attorneys can be found on the Department of Justice Recruitment and Attorney Management website.
Until 1896, US Lawyers were paid on a fee system based on the cases they sued. For attorneys serving coastal districts, where the courts are filled with maritime cases relating to seizure and counterfeiting involving expensive shipping cargo, the costs can be quite substantial. According to the Department of Justice, One US Attorney in a coastal district reportedly received an annual income of $100,000 in early 1804.
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When the Department of Justice began regulating the salaries of U.S. Attorneys in 1896, they ranged from $2,500 to $5,000. Until 1953, US Attorneys were allowed to supplement their income by maintaining their private practice while holding office.
What US Lawyers Do
US attorneys represent the federal government, and thus the American people, in any trial in which the United States is a party. Under Title 28, Section 547 of the United States Code, US Attorneys have three primary responsibilities:
- prosecution of criminal cases brought by the federal government;
- prosecution and defense of civil cases in which the United States is a party; and
- collection of money owed to the government that cannot be collected administratively.
Criminal prosecutions by US Attorneys include cases involving violations of federal criminal law, including organized crime, drug trafficking, political corruption, tax evasion, fraud, bank robbery, and civil rights violations. On the civilian side, US Attorneys spend most of their courtroom time defending government agencies against claims and enforcing social laws such as environmental quality and fair housing laws.
When representing the United States in court, US Attorneys are expected to represent and enforce US Department of Justice policies.
While they receive direction and policy advice from the Attorney General and other Justice Department officials, U.S. Attorneys are allowed a great degree of independence and discretion in choosing which cases they bring.
Prior to the Civil War, U.S. Attorneys were permitted to try crimes specifically identified in the Constitution, namely, piracy, forgery, treason, felonies committed on the high seas, or cases resulting from interference with federal justice, extortion. by federal officials, theft by employees of the Bank of the United States, and the burning of federal ships at sea
How US Lawyers Are Appointed
US attorneys are appointed by the President of the United States for a term of four years. Their pledge must be confirmed by a majority vote of the US Senate.
By law, US Attorneys can be removed from their posts by the President of the United States.
Although most US Attorneys run full four-year terms, usually according to the terms of the president who appoints them, mid-term vacancies do occur.
Each U.S. Attorney is allowed to hire – and fire – the Assistant U.S. Attorneys as necessary to meet the resulting caseload in their local jurisdiction. US attorneys are allowed broad powers to control the personnel management, financial management, and procurement functions of their local offices.
Prior to enactment of the Reauthorization Patriot Act of 2005, on March 9, 2006, a medium-term successor US Attorney was appointed by the Attorney General to serve for 120 days, or until a permanent replacement appointed by the president could be confirmed by the Senate.
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The Provisional Patriot Act’s Reauthorization Act removes the 120-day limit on provisional U.S. Attorney’s provisions, effectively extending its terms until the end of the president’s term and bypassing the U.S. Senate confirmation process. The change effectively extends to the president, who has been a controversial force in making promises to take a break from installing US attorneys.
That’s About Houston Maritime Attorney In The Usa